Center for Grand Challenges & Green Technologies

Publications and Patents

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Research papers in International journals:

1. Nitrogen induced nanostructure formation in hydrogenated amorphous carbon films doped with nitrogen.
Prakash Somani, A. Yoshida, S. Adhikary, M. Umeno.
Physica E : Low Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures 40/3 (2008) 709-713.
2. Carbon nanocapsules encapsulating cobalt nanoparticles by pulsed discharge plasma chemical vapor deposition.
Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, M. Noda, M. Umeno.
Diamond and Related Materials 17 (2008) 576 – 580.
3. Double walled carbon nanotubes incorporated donor-acceptor type organic photovoltaic devices using poly(3-octylthiophene) and fullerene (C60).
Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, E. Flahaut, G. Kalita, M. Umeno.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics – Special Issue on Molecular Electronics and Bioelectronics, 47/2 (2008) 1219 – 1222.
Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology 17/10 (2008).
4. Field electron emission of multiwalled carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers grown from camphor.
Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, A. Yoshida, M. Tanemura, S. P. Lau and M. Umeno.
Solid State Electronics 52 (2008) 941 – 945.
5. Photocarrier injection effect in hydrogenated amorphous carbon doped with nitrogen / p-silicon heterostructures.
Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, M. Umeno.
Physica E : Low Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures 40/8 (2008) 2783 – 2786.
6. Single crystals of Fullerene (C60) makes organic thick film solar cells and self-supporting organic solar cells possible.
Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, M. Umeno.
Carbon – Science and Technology 1 (2008) 1 – 3.
7. Carbon Nanotube incorporation: A new route to improve the performance of organic-inorganic heterojunction Solar Cells.
Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, M. Umeno.
Diamond and Related Materials 17 (2008) 585 – 588.
8. Application of metal nanoparticles decorated carbon nanotubes in photovoltaics.
Prakash R. Somani, Savita P. Somani, M. Umeno
Applied Physics Letters 93 (2008) 033315 – 1 – 3.
9. Carbon Nanofibers and multiwalled carbon nanotubes from camphor and their field electron emission.
Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, A. Yoshida, M. Tanemura, S. P. Lau and M. Umeno.
Current Applied Physics 9/1 (January 2009) 144 – 150.
Research Highlight as ‘Camphor Nanotubes’ in NATURE INDIA, DOI:10.1038/nindia.2008.321
Published online 20 November 2008.

Web site : http://www.natureasia.com/en/nindia/article/10.1038/nindia.2008.321
10. Platinum and Ruthenium nanoparticles decorated multi-walled carbon nanotubes as electrodes for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells.
Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, A. Sato and M. Umeno.
Diamond and Related Materials 18 (2009) 497 – 500.
11. Pressure sensitive multifunctional solar cells using carbon nanotubes.
Prakash R. Somani
Applied Physics Letters 96 (2010) 173504.
12. Simultaneous waste water purification via photocatalysis and seed germination
S. A. Sawant, A. Nene, S. P. Somani, S. K. Omanwar, Prakash R. Somani
Green and Sustainable Chemistry 3 (2013) 129 - 133.
13. Indian Edible Chuna (Calcium oxide / hydroxide) as a Green Photocatalyst
S. A. Sawant, S. P. Somani, A. H. Jadhav, A. Nene, S. K. Omanwar and Prakash R. Somani
Journal of Green Science and Technology (ASP) – 1/1 (2013) 2 – 5.
Discovery of photocatalytic property of calcium oxide (CaO), calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2], and calcium carbonate (CaCO3).
14. Antibacterial activity of Prussian Blue
A. K. Roy, S. P. Somani, A. Nene, Bipinraj N. K., Prakash R. Somani
Journal of Green Science and Technology (ASP) – 1/1 (2013) 27 - 29.
15. Environment-friendly synthesis of nano-structured conducting polyaniline using Lemon juice.
N. A. R. Deshpande, S. P. Somani, S. D. Chakane, P. G. Saptarshi, and Prakash R. Somani
Journal of Green Science and Technology (ASP) - 1/2 (2013) 127 – 130.
16. Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue dye in distilled and sea water using Indian Edible Chuna (Calcium oxide / hydroxide) as photocatalyst.
S. A. Sawant, S. P. Somani, S. K. Omanwar, Prakash R. Somani
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine (ASP) – 6/2 (2014) 227–230.
17. Volatile organic compounds are ghosts for organic solar cells
Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, M. Umeno
Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics 6/4 (2014) 04010-1 to 04010-2
18. Chemical and photocatalytic degradation of crystal violet dye by Indian edible chuna (Calcium oxide/hydroxide).
S. A. Sawant, S. P. Somani, S. K. Omanwar, Prakash R. Somani
Journal of Green Science and Technology – 2/1 (2015) 45 – 48.
19. Synthesis and characterization of graphene – Fe3O4 nanocomposite
A. Nene, M. Takahashi, Prakash R. Somani, H. R. Aryal, K. Wakita, M. Umeno
Carbon – Science and Technology 8/1 (2016) 13 – 24.
20. Fe3O4 and Fe nanoparticles by chemical reduction of Fe(acac)3 by ascrobic acid: Role of water
A. G. Nene, M. Takahashi, Prakash R. Somani
World Journal of Nanoscience and Engineering 6 (2016) 20 - 28.
21. Near-infrared down-conversion in Ce3+-Yb3+ co-doped YAG
Niraj S. Sawala, Prakash R. Somani, and S. K. Omanwar
Journal of Material Science: Materials in Electronics (Published August 2016).
DOI 10.1007/s10854-016-5503-4.

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Presented in National / International Conferences / Workshops :

1. Double walled carbon nanotubes incorporated donor-acceptor type organic photovoltaic devices using poly(3-octylthiophene) and fullerene (C60).
Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, G. Kalita, M. Umeno.
Presented at “4th International Conference on Molecular Electronics and Bioelectronics (M-BE4)”, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (14 –16 March 2007).
2. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell with multiwalled carbon nanotube based electrodes.
S. P. Somani, Prakash R. Somani, A. Sato, M. Umeno.
Presented at “4th International Conference on Molecular Electronics and Bioelectronics (M-BE4)”, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (14 – 16 March 2007).
3. Carbon nanofibers and multiwalled carbon nanotubes from camphor and their field electron emission.
Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, A. Yoshida, M. Tanemura, S. P. Lau, M. Umeno.
Presented at “4th International Conference on Molecular Electronics and Bioelectronics (M-BE4)”, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (14 – 16 March 2007).
4. Carbon nanocapsules encapsulating cobalt nanoparticles by pulsed discharge plasma chemical vapor deposition: synthesis and study.
Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, M. Noda, M. Umeno.
Presented at “International Conference on New Diamond and Nano Carbons (NDNC 2007)”, Senri Life Science Centre, Osaka, Japan (28 – 31 May 2007).
5. Improving photovoltaic response of poly(3-octylthiophene) / n-Si heterojunction by incorporating multi-walled carbon nanotubes.
S. P. Somani, Prakash R. Somani, M. Umeno.
Presented at “International Conference on New Diamond and Nano Carbons (NDNC 2007)”, Senri Life Science Centre, Osaka, Japan (28 - 31 May 2007).
6. Nano-sized single crystals of Fullerene: New Material for bulk heterojunction donor-acceptor type 3D solar cells.
Savita P. Somani, Prakash R. Somani, M. Umeno.
Presented at “17th International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Conference (PVSEC-17)”, Fukuoka International Congress Centre, Fukuoka, Japan (3 – 7 December 2007).
7. Platinum and Ruthenium nanoparticles decorated multi-walled carbon nanotubes as electrodes for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells.
Savita P. Somani, Prakash R. Somani, H. Uchida, A. Sato, M. Umeno
Presented at “Japan Society of Applied Physics (JSAP) 69th Autumn Meeting 2008”, Chubu University, Japan (2 – 5 September 2008).
8. Improving efficiency of Organic Solar Cells by incorporating metal nanoparticles.
A. Nene, Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, M. Umeno
Presented at “National Seminar on New Challenges in Chemistry and Nanoscience (NCCNS - 2012)”, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune, India (13 – 14 February 2012).
9. Scratch Resistant Diamond Like Carbon (DLC) coatings on aluminum-rich alloy substrates.
S. P. Somani, Prakash R. Somani, M. Umeno
Presented at “National Seminar on Recent Trends in Chemical and Material Science (RTCMS - 2013)”, Y. M. College, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune, India (12 – 13 January 2013).
10. Simultaneous photocatalytic treatment of waste water and seed germination – First Experiment Understanding.
S. A. Sawant, A. Nene, S. P. Somani, S. K. Omanwar, Prakash R. Somani
Presented at “Raman Memorial Conference – 2013 (RMC-2013)”, Physics Department, Pune University, Pune, India (22 – 23 February 2013).
11. Antibacterial Activity of Prussian Blue
A. Kumar, S. P. Somani, A. Nene, Bipinraj N. K., Prakash R. Somani
Presented at “Raman Memorial Conference – 2013 (RMC-2013)”, Physics Department, Pune University, Pune, India (22 – 23 February 2013).
12. Invention of two NEW multifunctional Electronic Devices
Prakash R. Somani
Presented at “DAE – BRNS Conference on Organic Devices: The Future Ahead (ODeFA - 2014)” March 3 – 6, 2014 at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, India.
13. Photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes using Indian Edible Chuna as a green photocatalyst
S. A. Sawant, S. P. Somani, S. K. Omanwar, Prakash R. Somani
Presented at “17th National Symposium in Chemistry (NSC-17) and 9th CRSI-RSC symposium” 5 – 8 February 2015, National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pune, India.
14. Photocatalytic degradation of drimaren black dye using Indian Edible Chuna as photocatalyst
Nidhi R. Bogam, S. P. Somani, Prakash R. Somani
Presented at “17th National Symposium in Chemistry (NSC-17) and 9th CRSI-RSC symposium” 5 – 8 February 2015, National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pune, India.
15. Synthesis and size control of Fe3O4 nanoparticles by reduction of Fe(acac)3 using ascrobic acid
Ajinkya Nene and Prakash R. Somani
Global Conference on Engineering and Applied Science 2016 (GCEAS-2016), 19 – 21 July 2016, Hokkaido, Japan (Presented by Ajinkya Nene).
16. Synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles by reduction of Fe(acac)3 using ascrobic acid for application in cancer hyperthermia
Ajinkya G. Nene, Prakash R. Somani, M. Takahashi, K. Wakita, M. Umeno
National Conference on Nanotechnology in Medicine, 8 – 9 September 2017, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Chettinad Health City, Kelambakkam, Kanchipuram Dist., Tamil Nadu 603103, India (Presented by Ajinkya Nene).
17. Synthesis and photoluminescence study of Eu3+ doped Ba3(VO4)2 phosphor.
Niraj S. Sawala, Prakash R. Somani, S. K. Omanwar
National Conference on Luminescence and its Applications (NCLA 2018), February 14 - 16, 2018, National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Trivandrum, India (Presented by NSS).
18. Synthesis and photoluminescence study of narrow band UVB emitting YF3:Gd3+ phosphor.
A. O. Chauhan, Prakash R. Somani, S. K. Omanwar
National Conference on Luminescence and its Applications (NCLA 2018), February 14 - 16, 2018, National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Trivandrum, India (Presented by AOC).

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Invited Seminars / Presentations / Lectures / Talks :

1. Carbon Nanotechnology for Future Electronics.
Prakash R. Somani
Invited Talk at “Indian Institute for Science Education and Research (IISER) Pune”, Pune, India (18 December 2008).
2. Carbon Nanotechnology
Prakash R. Somani
Invited Talk at “National Conference on Advanced Materials and Technology (NCAMT - 2009)”, Shri Shivaji Science College, Nagpur, India (29 - 30 December 2009).
3. Nanotechnology
Prakash R. Somani
Invited Talk at “Vishwakarma Institute of Technology (VIT)”, Pune, India (2nd April 2011).
4. New concepts in Organic Solar Cells
Prakash R. Somani
Invited Talk at “3rd Indo-German Frontiers of Engineering Symposium”, Khandala, India (16 – 19 June 2011).
5. Application of Nanotechnology for Society (in Marathi).
Prakash R. Somani
Talk delivered as CHIEF GUEST for the Award distribution function for district level science competition by ‘Ahmadnagar District Science Professors Association (Maharashtra State, India)’ on 2nd March 2014 at Akole, Ahmadnagar.
6. Entrepreneurship: Need of the hour
Prakash R. Somani
Talk delivered at Department of Physics, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati, Maharashtra, India on 13 February 2017.
7. Carbon Nanomaterials: From Silicon to Carbon Valley
Prakash R. Somani
Talk delivered at Department of Basic Sciences, GSSS Institute of Engineering and Technology for Women, KRS Road, Metagalli, Mysuru – 570 016, Karnataka, India on 12th October 2017 as a part of FDP program ‘Recent Trends in Nanoscience and Technology (RTNST-2017)’.

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Patents :

17 Indian patent applications filed

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Invited Book Chapters :

1. “Importance of Transmission Electron Microscopy for Carbon Nanomaterials Research”, Prakash R. Somani, and M. Umeno in “Modern Research and Educational Topics in Microscopy (Number 3 of the Microscopy Book Series)”, Ed. A. Mendez-Vilas and J. Diaz, Formatex, Volume – 2 (2007) 634 - 642. (TC = 6)
2. “Approaches for Environmental Friendly, Safe Synthesis and Handling of Carbon Nanotubes”, Prakash R. Somani in “Carbon Nanotubes: Multifunctional Materials”, Edited by Prakash R. Somani and M. Umeno, Applied Science Innovations Private Limited (January 2009) 22 - 42.
3. “Application of Carbon Nanotubes in Photovoltaic Energy Conversion”, Prakash R. Somani, S. P. Somani, M. Umeno in “Carbon Nanotubes: Multifunctional Materials”, Edited by Prakash R. Somani and M. Umeno, Applied Science Innovations Private Limited (January 2009) 144 - 165.
4. “Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistors”, T. Mizutani, Y. Ohno and Prakash R. Somani, in “Carbon Nanotubes: Multifunctional Materials”, Edited by Prakash R. Somani and M. Umeno, Applied Science Innovations Private Limited (January 2009) 87 - 119.
5. “Carbon Nanotube based Electrodes for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells”, Savita P. Somani, Prakash R. Somani, A. Sato, M. Umeno in “Carbon Nanotubes: Multifunctional Materials”, Ed. Prakash R. Somani and M. Umeno, Applied Science Innovations Private Limited (January 2009) 166 - 178.
6. “Synthesis of Carbon Nanomaterials by Pulsed Discharge Plasma Chemical Vapor Deposition”, Savita P. Somani, Prakash R. Somani, M. Umeno, M. Noda, in “Industrial Application of Plasma Processes”, Edited by S. Ikezawa, (ISBN: 978-81-7895-457-8), Volume 2, Transworld Research Network (2009) 57 - 68.
7. “Prussian Blue – Multifunctional Material”, Prakash R. Somani, in “Prussian Blue (s) – Multifunctional Material (s)”, Ed. Prakash R. Somani, Applied Science Innovations Pvt. Ltd., India (2010) 9 - 58.
8. Invited Editorial “Individual Molecules (Molecular Technology) – Next step to Nanotechnology”, Prakash R. Somani for “Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment”, (2013) Published.
9. “Organic / Organic-Inorganic hybrid electrochromic materials and devices”, Prakash R. Somani in “Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano-Engineering Applications”, Edited by Akshay Kokil and Vaibhav Jain, CRC Press – Taylor and Francis Group, USA (December 2014).
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Books Edited / Research Journals Edited :

1. Reference Book entitled “Carbon Nanotubes: Multifunctional Materials”, Edited by Prakash R. Somani and M. Umeno, Applied Science Innovations Private Limited, India (January 2009), ISBN: 978-81-906027-0-9.
Forewords by Nobel Laureate Sir Prof. H. Kroto (Nobel Prize in Chemistry - 1996), Florida State University, USA
Recommended Text Book for M. Tech. (Nanotechnology) course at Punjab University, India and Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekananda Technical University, Bhilai (C. G.), India.
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2. Reference Book entitled “Chromic Materials, Phenomena and their Technological Applications”, Edited by Prakash R. Somani, Applied Science Innovations Private Limited, India (March 2010), ISBN: 978-81-906027-1-6.
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3. Reference Book entitled “Prussian Blue (s): Multifunctional Material (s)”, Edited by Prakash R. Somani, Applied Science Innovations Private Limited, India (2010), ISBN: 978-81-906027-2-3.
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4. Book (Popular Science) entitled “Say NO to Genetically Modified Food”, Prakash R. Somani, Applied Science Innovations Private Limited, India (2010), ISBN: 978-81-906027-6-1.
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Sponsored projects:

1. Bulk Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes (2009 - 2012) – Rs. 10,00,000/- from DST, Govt. of India (PI – Dr. Prakash R. Somani).
2. Synthesis of carbon nanotubes loaded with metal nanoparticles for application as electrodes in fuel cells (Oct. 2009 – Dec. 2011) – Rs. 1,00,000/- from DST, Govt. of India (PI – Dr. Savita P. Somani).

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Guidance given for the Academic Projects:

M. Tech. (Nanotechnology) : 01 (Completed)
Ph. D. (Physics) : 01 (Thesis submitted)

Ph. D. Students

Mrs. Sadhana A. Sawant (Ph. D. – Physics – Thesis submitted).
Topic: Solar energy utilization via photocatalysis
University: Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati, Maharashtra, India. (State University)
Year of registration: January 2012
Guide: Dr. Prakash R. Somani
(Date of submission of thesis: 8th January 2018)

M. Tech. Research Projects

Mrs. Renu Yadav (M. Tech. – Nanotechnology – 2014).
Topic: Synthesis and characterization of nano-structured conducting Poly(N-methyl aniline).
University: Gyan Ganga College of Technology, Jabalpur.
Guide: Dr. Prakash R. Somani
Place of work: Applied Science Innovations Pvt. Ltd., Pune, India.

Other Students associated

Mr. Ajinkya G. Nene
Mrs. Naseem A. R. Deshpande

( Updated as on 8/5/2018 )


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